When planning the best bear management, many factors need to be taken into consideration. Studies conducted in Wisconsin, Pennsylvania and Ontario, looked at some of the correlations with the bear complaints, and their hunting season. Increasing the number of black bear permits, did not have any affect on the nuisance complaints.
Pennsylvania tried overlapping the deer and bear seasons. Deer hunters usually are closer to residential areas, so if there is a nuisance bear in the areas, hunters might take it if the opportunity arose. Often nuisance bears may come into residential areas in the summer, feed off what is available, and then come fall (hunting season) they are back out in areas further from the residential areas, once their natural food supply is in stock and ready for eating.
Wyoming has a tactic that has proven a little helpful with the nuisance bear issue. If a homeowner has a bear conflict, they should spread the word, and as word spreads, hunters come to the area, and the nuisance black bear will be taken care of. Wyoming does have a longer season than other states for black bear though. Pennsylvania, has three days, Wisconsin roughly one month for black bear hunting.
By taking more black bears though it did not have an effect on the number of nuisance bear complaints. In some cases with the population being managed by 50% reduction, the nuisance calls would actually increase. With an increase in permits being offered, there were more black bears, nuisance and otherwise being taken. From The Missoulian .