The National Science Foundation gave academia $800,000 to work on smart collars for wildlife. Smart collars will be the next phase in collars, but will be able to do much more than just track wildlife. GPS will be built into the collars, and along with tracking there will be accelerometers to track the animal's metabolic inner life. This will track what the animal is doing, eating, running, sleeping, etc.
The smart collar will bring humans that much closer into the wildlife's habits, giving one insight to how they live. At a Colorado Research station mountain lions have been aiding in making a signature record for different activities, from running, to eating. This will set a blueprint for other mountain lions that may be collared in the initial phase of the project. Other researchers are working on collars for coyotes and wolves, two other animals that live closely to mankind. From The New York Times .