This year New York took on the issue of crossbow hunting and in 2011 NY hunters will be able to use a crossbow to hunt in any season but the early bow season. Furthermore you can only use the crossbow for big game, predators and small game hunting are still banned. The law sunsets on December 31st 2012 for evaluation.
The Democrat and Chronicle  has a detailed article running about the lengthy debate that went into passing the limited crossbow law.
The use of crossbows to hunt with in New York has been a contentious issue for decades. It reached another boiling point this year, putting hunters on both sides of the issue in each other's crosshairs at a time when participation numbers have dwindled and the cash-strapped conservation department is still reliant on license fees to pay for all wildlife programs.
With the passage of the NY crossbow law, Oregon is the only remaining state that completely bans the use of crossbows for hunting.