Archery Buck Deer Hunt Begins Aug. 16
Dry conditions and deer numbers that will be down slightly from last year await hunters when Utah's statewide general archery buck deer hunt begins Aug. 16. The hunt runs through Sept. 12 and permits to participate in it are still available.
Division of Wildlife Resources biologists estimate there were about 280,000 deer in Utah after the 2002 hunts. That's a decrease of about 10 percent from the 310,000 deer that were estimated after the 2001 hunts.
"We're seeing fewer deer fawns make it to adulthood due to range conditions that have deteriorated because of the drought," said Jim Karpowitz, big game coordinator for the Division of Wildlife Resources.
While the total number of deer is down slightly, buck to doe ratios in all of the DWR's regions are close to or above the objective of 15 bucks per 100 does, so there are good numbers of bucks in the herds.
Karpowitz says the condition of the deer in Utah varies according to where they live. "If you take a map of Utah and draw a line down the middle, dividing the state into a western portion and an eastern portion, you'll get a good idea," he said.
"In the western portion, we had a good, wet spring. The mountains greened up well and the deer are in good shape," he said. "Most of eastern Utah didn't receive much snow or rain this past winter or spring. The severe drought continues there, and lots of important deer winter range and other ranges have been lost."
Despite the dry conditions, DWR Northeastern Region Conservation Outreach Manager Ron Stewart says high elevation summer ranges in the region received some late spring rains and are in good shape.
Hunt water sources
To give themselves the best chance for success, Karpowitz encourages hunters to find water sources and hunt near them.
"The dry, noisy conditions will make spot and stalk hunting almost impossible," he said, "but most archery hunters will tell you these conditions actually improve hunting because they draw deer to water sources. Find springs, seeps and trails and your chances for success will improve."
Fire, off-highway vehicle and game care reminders
Before heading out this year, Karpowitz encourages archery deer hunters to learn fire restrictions and off-highway vehicle regulations by contacting the agency (usually the U.S. Forest Service or the Bureau of Land Management) that manages the land they'll be hunting on.
"Fire danger is extremely high this year. It's vital that hunters know the fire restrictions and follow them," he said.
"It's also important that they protect their OHV riding privilege by learning which roads and trails are open to OHV use, and then keeping their OHVs on those roads and trails," he said. "More than 32,000 acres of important deer summer range in the Henry Mountains were lost recently when someone didn't do that and their OHV caused a spark that ignited a fire."
To ensure good venison to enjoy in the months to come, Karpowitz encourages hunters to skin their deer immediately, place it in a game bag and then hang it where it can cool in the breeze. "If you keep the animal off the ground and follow these procedures, you'll have good meat to enjoy in the coming months," he said.
The following is a look at deer hunting prospects in each of the DWR's five regions:
Deer numbers on the Box Elder and Cache units — the two major public land hunting units in the region — as well as the Ogden unit, are significantly below objective as far as the total number of deer, but the number of bucks on the Box Elder unit is up this year, says Mike Welch, Northern Region wildlife manager.
Welch reminds hunters that most of the Ogden, Morgan-South Rich, East Canyon and Chalk Creek units, and the eastern part of the Box Elder unit, are private property. Hunters must obtain written permission before hunting those areas.
Welch says deer numbers are good on the remaining units in the region, but most of those units are on private property where written permission must be obtained before hunting.
"Because of the drought, hunting conditions in the region should be similar to last year," Welch said. "For the best chance at success, I'd encourage archery hunters to hunt near water."
Welch reminds hunters that the fire danger in the region is high.
For more information, call the Northern Region office at (801) 476-2740.
"The deer population throughout the Central Region has experienced a slight reduction due to environmental conditions over the last two years," said Scott Root, conservation outreach manager for the Central Region.
"We lost 30 to 40 percent of the fawns in some areas last year, mostly due to the bitter-cold temperatures of late February 2002," he said. "Statewide, the effects of those cold temperatures coupled with drought conditions produced similar effects on fawn survival last year. Though we are currently at about 70 percent of our region deer population objective, archers should still see good numbers of bucks, especially yearling and some older age classes of bucks.
"The buck to doe ratios for most units within the region are at, or close to, the desired ratio of 15 bucks per 100 does," he said. "Deer within the region appear to be in good physical condition despite the drought, thanks in part to a mild winter and a fairly wet spring."
Root says many of the higher elevation mountain areas still have lush green vegetation. "These greener areas are quickly drying out, however, so hunters should concentrate their efforts near water," he said. "A quick scouting trip will allow you to find the most active game trails in your hunting area, which can truly improve your odds at bagging your buck."
Root says deer are most active in the early morning and evening hours. "Once the sun comes up and temperatures rise, hunters should concentrate on vegetative areas that provide shade. Shade is a valuable commodity to deer during the heat of August," he said. "Deer typically bed down in shade during the heat of the day, to conserve energy and to digest the food they've eaten during the cooler hours."
Tree stands and camouflaged blinds will be good methods for hunting this year, since the ground will be covered with dry, noisy vegetation. "Silence is crucial for a chance at getting a buck," Root said. "Patience is also very important when hunting in dry weather."
Root says the western portion of the Central Region has been impacted the most by the lingering drought. "Several archers may still prefer to hunt this area to get away from the crowds," he said. "Water sources are the key in this arid part of the region. Unless you possess a Vernon unit permit, please be cautious not to hunt within the Vernon limited entry unit, which takes up a considerable portion of this area."
In addition to hanging out in higher elevations, many deer are staying in lower elevation areas, just above civilization, because of easier access to water and vegetation. Hunters are reminded that written permission is required to hunt on private property. "Please obtain written permission now rather than trying to obtain it during the hunt," he said. "It's also important to become familiar with shooting ordinances if hunting near city limits."
Root also reminds archers that those who want to hunt the Wasatch Front extended archery area must now purchase an additional $5 Extended Archery Area Permit. This permit can be purchased on the DWR Web site or at DWR offices.
Wasatch Front extended area archers must also complete an orientation course before hunting this area. The course is required for the Wasatch Front extended area only and is not required for any other extended archery area. The course can be completed online.
When hunting the Wasatch Front extended archery area, archers must have three documents in their possession: a valid deer permit, a completion certificate for the Wasatch Front orientation course and their $5 Extended Archery Area Permit. If the archer is a member of the Dedicated Hunter program, they must also carry their program Certificate of Registration.
For more information, call the Central Region office at (801) 491-5678.
"Deer herds in the Northeastern Region are in good shape," said Ron Stewart, Northeastern Region conservation outreach manager. "Herd numbers are at or slightly above the numbers expressed in the unit management plans."
Stewart says conditions in the higher country (summer range) have been good overall. "Even though the yearly moisture indicates a drought, late spring rains and snowfall created good growth conditions for most of the grasses and shrubs," he said. "Conditions on the winter ranges remain extremely dry, however."
Stewart encourages hunters to scout hunting areas before the season and to get out of their vehicles and into the backcountry where the deer are found. "Keep four-wheeling to the roads," Stewart reminds hunters. "Going off road looks like fun but causes considerable habitat damage and may result in loss of privileges as areas are closed to vehicles."
For more information, call the Northeastern Region office at (435) 781-WILD (9453).
Archery hunters in the Southeastern Region will find hunting conditions similar to last year's. "Each unit remains well below objective in terms of total population numbers," said Brad Crompton, wildlife biologist in the Southeastern Region. "They've been that way the past several years."
The number of bucks per 100 does is good, however, with buck to doe ratios stable throughout the region and at or near the management objective of 15 bucks per 100 does.
Crompton encourages hunters to do some pre-season scouting to locate water sources and to evaluate how frequently they're visited. "In general, we expect dry conditions, which will impede successful stalking and still-hunting," he said.
Crompton recommends looking for deer where the vegetation remains green and succulent in the vicinity of water. In addition, he suggests using a blind or tree stand to avoid alarming the deer with noisy walking. Put the stand or blind in a closed canopy location, which will be cooler and provide protection from the sun.
For more information, call the Southeastern Region office at (435) 636-0260.
Archery deer hunting in the Southern Region may be a little slower than last year, says Lynn Chamberlain, Southern Region conservation outreach manager.
"The drought that has gripped the state has had a negative effect on deer herds regionwide," he said. "Hunt units are down slightly in virtually every category, including bucks per 100 does, fawns per 100 does, and total numbers of deer.
"However, even with the numbers down slightly, there are still plenty of deer out there to be hunted," Chamberlain said. "There's still green grass in many of the higher elevation areas and that's where many of the deer will be."
Hunters can improve their chance for success by hunting near waterways and ponds. "With the short supply of drinking water, it's unlikely deer will venture very far from these water sources," he said.
Chamberlain reminds archers to be careful with fire and to obey all fire restrictions.
For more information, call the Southern Region office at (435) 865-6100.