When you are talking about a certain unit in a state that the tags are hard to draw you are asking questions to a very limited resource.
I would suggest that you are going to have to get out there and scout the unit and find the water sources for the elk for a start. If you are from out of state then I would suggest that you give the regional game and fish office a call and talk to the biologist for that area and see if he can give you a hand on where to go.
The goal of all hunters is a quick, humane kill where the animal drops in it's tracks and is dead within seconds. But in a pursuit that has as many variables as hunting, sometimes things don't quite go according to plan. However, game can be tracked and recovered with the right skills and with patience.
First of all, you need to wait the right amount of time after the shot before tracking a wounded animal. I've heard estimates of waiting 30 minutes for a hit in the vitals and 5-8 hours for a...