The only state that I know of with a January 31 deadline is Wyoming for their non resident elk tags. All the other are just getting ready to start then except for Arizona.
Arizona's deadline for elk and pronghorn is February 12
Utah's goes from February 1 to March 3 I believe.
Colorado's start in mid February and ends the first week in April.
Montana's dead line is March 15.
Ok, Arizona elk app is in. Wyoming antelope app is in, got lots more to go.... Probably spread out the Colorado damage between February, March and April paychecks for the $250 whacks of sheep, goat and moose.
A perk of majoring in wildlife biology in college is the plethora of hunting knowledge that you collect throughout your course load. One of the most important factors in whether an area can hold large quantities of animals or produce large antlers is forage.
Most universities, state schools and even community colleges offer basic botany courses and plant ID courses. Although it might not be feasable for the average middle age hunter to pay tuition and go back to college to learn hunting...