I think you just need to live here for at least a year. (Or at least have a mailing address here for a year.) Once you are a resident hunting liscenses are bought over the counter, and deer tags you can buy over the counter now too. Non-resident???? I have no idea how tough it is, but I can't immagine its to hard.
As I sit and glass, which is common for hunters out west, I have sort of quickly discovered something I never learned when I was younger.
In my youth I had enthusiasm and spirit. In my middle to advancing years I have creaky knees, arthritis, and I tire more easily than I used to. Where I used to sit on the cold hard ground I now look for that soft spot to sooth my tired muscles. That leads me to my tip.
Carry your soft spot with you!
In my pack I carry an air filled, ultralight, camping pad....