Being that I have gotten back in to hunting after a twenty year lay off I find myself asking, or having, many of the same questions as new hunters.
The Hunter's Education classes are good, but one can often have questions arise long after they have taken thier class, if they ever did take a class. I myself have never taken a class and due to my age do not need one in the state I reside. I have found the local Game & Fish office to be a good source for clarifying the rules and regulations pertaining to hunting and fishing. Another good resource is the local shooting range.
Hunters tend to flood the shooting range just before hunting season and one can often get thier questions answered by thier fellow shooters and if two different answers are given for the same question then a quick call to Game and Fish will sort things out.
The lottery system can be confusing. It can also be a bit overwhelming to someone. I was lucky in that I was already familiar with it and just needed to learn the deadlines that applied to me. Folks that hunt and frequent the local range are often able to demystify the system and provide guidence. Who knows, you may luck out and find a hunting partner that way too.
My biggest information source has been the internet and the various forums. I found this year's deer hunting partner on a forum. Good luck as you learn a new style of hunting with, in all liklihood, new regualtions.
What does "gauge" mean anyway? As used here gauge means the number of round lead balls the same diameter as the inside of the barrel (aka the bore) that it would take to weigh one pound. It takes 12 lead balls the same diameter as a 12 gauge barrel to weigh a pound. The smaller 20 gauge would require 20 balls of that barrel diameter. The larger bore 12 gauge would require 12 lead balls of the bore diameter to weigh one pound.
In general the number of pellets in a shotgun shell...