Next day if it is warm
One week if it is cold
I did freeze a couple solid one late season. Let them hang to long. Had to drag them into the kitchen over night to thaw enough to cut up. I am a lucky guy to have a real understanding wife. I came down the next morning and there she was making coffee, stradling a 6 point.
After skinning the deer, I quarter it, and take the meat and place it in a cooler (or two if necessary). I keep frozen 2 liter bottles handy and place them in the cooler on the bottom and top, separating the meat from the bottles with butcher paper. Essentially it's like a big deer sandwich where the bottles are the bread, paper is the lettuce and the meat is the meat. I let it sit for app. 6-8 days and then process the meat, wrap and freeze. I have found that letting the meat age inside the cooler works very well. If I still lived in upstate NY I would hang it outside the local tavern like my buddies..
From the books that I have read, there is a lot of importance in knowing every nook and cranny of your hunting territory as well as the animal that you are hunting. So scouting as much as possible, just walking the land, will give you a good idea of what's around the corner or what's on the other side of a hill. Which can be very beneficial.
Making your own maps of human and deer trails, and different types of foliage such as group of pines,...