Pronghorn are different. They are creatures of habit. It's highly recommended that you scout the area well and observe a herd a few days before the hunt. Also it's been published that they migrate when foul or severe weather pushes through. I can't say I've ever witnesses this movement in Proghorn, as I have seen with waterfowl birds due to weather. The antelope hunting seasons are brief in my state and very early. The last is rifle season and it occures usually first week in October when we still have relatively great weather and temperatures on the plains.
Get a good lay out of the area you plan to hunt. Comfortable footwear is important. Knee pads are nice to have, but can also be an inconvenience to wear around or carry with you, as I don't like to lug around a whole lot of extra equipment. Good binoculars and a spotting scope are essential, as glassing is a big part of the hunt. Also a bipod for your rifle or some type of solid rest, such as a backpack comes in very handy. Once you spot a herd, you must be stealthy to get within gun range. Be mindfull of the wind and remain down wind. These suckers have the vision power of 7X binoculars, but at 270° peripheral. If they see you, the game is up.
Many people will tell you that you should expect a shot over 300 yards and more, but I've been able to take this animal most times at around 200 yards. There is a lot of opinion out there on the best rifle and caliber. All I can safely say is that any small or medium bore rifle that you shoot well and is chambered in a high velocity cartridge using a bullet weight of at least 100 grains will work just fine. Check your states hunting regs. My state mandates that for biggame it is illegal to use a caliber smaller than .24 caliber. I use my own handloaded rounds, a .270 Winchester that I load to a velocity of avg 3045 ft/sec using a 130 grain Speer Spitz Boattail soft point bullet. I've also used the same load with the tougher Speer Grand Slam bullet, but mostly reserve those tougher bullets for elk. Good luck.
That's some good info Hiker. That being the case, it would be advantagous to glass for them and scout at dusk, then return to the same area at first light the next day. The one thing I like to tell newbies about pronghorn hunting is that it required more stealth than deer hunting. Mainly for the the reasons that these animals have excellent vision and the wide open terrain in which they roam offers little concealment for the hunter. Tall grass, weeds, dry river beds, shallow valleys and peeking over small hilltops is all we have to use in this terrain. Hunters new to pronghorn should expect to spend a lot of time crawling on their belly and laying in the prone position, once they spot a herd.
I must admit that I have missed a big game animal with a rifle. And not only was it a bull elk, it was the largest bull that I have had in my sights with a tag in my hand. But, as with most "missed shot" stories, I have an excuse. Moisture doesn't really ever bode well for hunting equipment. When moisture (either rain or snow) gets into a firearms barrel, nothing good takes place. A couple rain drops down there can change the point of impact drastically and a barrel jammed with snow after a...