Well I have not used real black powder for a very long time but when I was a kid my dad always used to make me clean his after shooting with just plain old soap and hot water in the kitchen sink. After everything was cleaned up a light coat of oil was applied and we never had a problem. I had a chance to use and hunt with some tripple7 powder about 7 years ago in a muzzleloader and that stuff was great for cleaning. Again just a patch soaked with water and the gun would be clean after a few patches and never had any rust issues at all.
I have always just cleaned my black powder firearms in hot water and Pinesol. Both cap and ball revolvers, inlines, and traditional muzzle loaders. With the traditional I wipe it down with Thompson Center Bore Butter but for the others I just apply a little bit of oil and have never had a problem. Now when I say hot water I mean boiling hot water. It will get the metal so hot that you have a hard time holding onto it and once the metal is that hot any water that touches it will evaporate quite quickly.
The goal of all hunters is a quick, humane kill where the animal drops in it's tracks and is dead within seconds. But in a pursuit that has as many variables as hunting, sometimes things don't quite go according to plan. However, game can be tracked and recovered with the right skills and with patience.
First of all, you need to wait the right amount of time after the shot before tracking a wounded animal. I've heard estimates of waiting 30 minutes for a hit in the vitals and 5-8 hours for a...