A Black Bear is a black bear...30-06 will be more than adequate to deal with the largest black. If you're hunting with a guide in bear country I'll bet he's packing some serious bear medicine in case you encounter a brown. If I was on my own in Alaska bear country I'd probably want something beefier for security.
I still have my doubts of the ability of any hunting round to bring down a charging brown after he's decided you're dinner. Personally for that scenario I'd want a 12ga loaded with a mix of slugs and the heaviest gauge buck I could find.
A perk of majoring in wildlife biology in college is the plethora of hunting knowledge that you collect throughout your course load. One of the most important factors in whether an area can hold large quantities of animals or produce large antlers is forage.
Most universities, state schools and even community colleges offer basic botany courses and plant ID courses. Although it might not be feasable for the average middle age hunter to pay tuition and go back to college to learn hunting...