Many elk have fallen to the 30-30.
The only time I would recommend the 30-30 unless you were hunting dark timber that would not give you shots of more than 50 yards.
My recommendation would be to go with a cartridge with a bit more energy.
One of the fellas in my group is faced with using a .30-30 for elk this year.
During our scouting trips we are trying to identify areas with heavy cover so that shots will be shorter range. I am also cautioning him to beware of some of those shot placements - essentially, further limiting his range.
We have been experimenting with the Hornady LeverEvolution cartridges. I don't know if they are any more lethal but they are definitly more accurate.
You're going to be really limited in your shot opprotunities with that small of a gun. It's a big enough projectile but at 150 grains its only going between1900 and 2200 fps where a 30-06 shoots the same projectile at more like 2900 fps. If you have someting bigger you'll really want to use it. If not get close and aim well. A marginal shot could be a nightmare with any rifle even more with a 30-30.
Accuracy. What an incredible way to give yourself a true advantage.
Go to your club and get a bunch of guys together - and put a target out there at 250 meters. Break out the deer rifles and see who can shoot a decent group, even off of the bench, at this distance. I think you will be shocked at how few can do it.
So - with that in mind, I recently set out to try to develop a semi-custom rifle that I could afford and that would shoot - repeatedly - at MOA.
I started with a platform that I love...